Animal protection in Spain has improved markedly in criminal matters as a result of a greater awareness of the respect due to non-human species. However, it remains unequal and unfair, depending on where the animal resides or who causes the damage. There is no clear general law that protects animals throughout the state but 17 standards, one for each autonomy, to which we must add the municipal ordinances of towns and cities, also partly competent in the field.

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