Located on a mountain on the eastern edge of the Judean desert and near the shores of the Dead Sea, the Masada fortress was the scene of the last chapter of the Great Jewish Revolt against Rome. The fortress had become the last refuge of a group of rebels, and until the year 73 it was not taken by the Romans. Considered a world heritage site since 2001, it has a great symbolic significance for Jewish nationalists, who see it as one of the last episodes of national resistance before the definitive diaspora.

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