In present-day Iran there are numerous ancient inscriptions from the Achaemenid era, for only one outside the country located in the Van Fortress in Turkey, and ordered to be made by Xerxes I in the fifth century BC. The Persians of Darius I and his son Xerxes I used a type of cuneiform writing, derived from the Sumerian-Akkadian but so different that most experts believe was invented around 525 BC, precisely to record the exploits of the Achaemenids in the memorials.

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